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    Work Flow, Design progress, & Resources of the AirVolt Electric Motorcycle
    Airplane Specifications:
    
    Capabilities:
        Normal motorcycle riding up to 100 mph
        Switch to air or street during all speeds
        Glider upon shutdown or loss of power
    
    Flight Preparations:
        Unfold Wings
        Expose Propeller
        Engage Motor
    
    Dimensions with Wings: 
        Parked: 42 inches (3.5 foot) tall / 32 inches wide / 132 inches (11 foot) length
        Unfolded: 30 foot width / 330 square feet
    
    Aerodynamics: 
        Full bullet bubble enclosure
        Glide ratio:  10:1 , Takeoff/Landing distance: 200 feet
        Stall speed: 40 mph / Cruise speed: 50 mph
        Load Limit Factors: +4 gs   2 gs
        Maximum Load: 400 pounds
    
    Obstacles:
        Body tilt hardware
        Rear wheel automatic spread & contract engineering
        Wing attachment & release hardware
        Weight
        Propeller fold mechanism 
        Wing fold hardware and control
        One engine switch direction controls
        Air manuvering & controls
        Licensing & government approval
    
    Component Weight Estimates: 
        80 pounds ..... Frame
        50 pounds ..... Body Shell
       100 pounds ..... Electric motor, controller, & electronics
        63 pounds ..... Lithium phosphate batteries
        70 pounds ..... Wheels, tires, brakes, sprocket
        70 pounds ..... Folding wings
        10 pounds ..... Propeller
        15 pounds ..... Seat, lights, controls, gauges
        40 pounds ..... Miscellaneous
       498 pounds ..... Base Minimum before Options
    
    Optional: charger, more batteries, 2nd seat, parachute, fire extinguisher
    
    Possibilities:
        Turbofan because of low airspeed ability
        Tilt turbofan for air only
    
    

    Various Small Air Vehicles Chart       AirVolt.com® Flight Compare

    Model Seats Power Empty
    Weight
    Maximum
    Weight
    Wingspan Wing SqFt Minimum
    Speed
    Maximum
    Speed
    Takeoff
    Distance
    (feet)
    Price
    AirVolt (Concept) 2 Electric 598 1198 30 330 45 85 300 $177,000
    Cessna 172 4 2400rpm 1620 2450 35 80 140 141 365 $232,000
    Skycar M150 1 Rotary 560 850 8 40 300 325 500 $250,000
    Sprint 2 6500rpm 325 720 33 180 64 27 352 $19,000
    Genesis 2 6500rpm 680 1200 31 186 40 100 400 $24,000
    GT 500 2 6500rpm 575 1000 30 155 51 103 230 $35,000
    TrikeBuggy 2 6300rpm 75 571 36 228 16 50 70 $10,000


    COMPARE to a Cessna 172 General characteristics:
    
        * Crew: 1
        * Capacity: 3 passengers
        * Length: 27 ft 2 in (8.28 m)
        * Wingspan: 36 ft 1 in (11.0 m)
        * Height: 8 ft 11 in (2.72 m)
        * Wing area: 174 ft (16.2 m)
        * Airfoil: NACA 2412 (modified)
        * Empty weight: 1,620 lb (736 kg)
        * Useful load: 830 lb (376 kg)
        * Max takeoff weight: 2,450 lb (1,113 kg)
        * Powerplant: 1 Lycoming IO-360-L2A flat-4 engine, 
              160 hp (120 kW) at 2,400 rpm
        * * Zero-lift drag coefficient: 0.0319
        * Drag area: 5.58 ft (0.52 m)
        * Aspect ratio: 7.32
        * Lift-to-drag ratio: 11.6
        * Wing loading: 14.1 lb/ft (68.8 kg/m)
        * Power/mass: 15.3 lb/hp (9.25 kg/kW)
    
    Performance
        * Never exceed speed: 163 knots (187 mph, 302 km/h)
        * Maximum speed: 123 knots (141 mph, 228 km/h) at sea level
        * Cruise speed: 122 knots (140mph, 226 km/h)
        * Range: 687 nm (790 mi, 1,272 km) at 60% power at 10,000 ft (3,040 m)
        * Service ceiling 13,500 ft (4,116 m)
        * Rate of climb: 720 ft/min (3.7 m/s)
    
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    COMPARE to a M150 Skycar General characteristics:
    
    
    Passengers: 		1
    Cruise speed/top speed: 	335/375 mph
    Gross Weight: 		850 lbs
    Empty Weight: 		560 lbs
    Range (Gasoline): 		675 miles
    Range (Alcohol): 		450 miles
    Operational ceiling: 		30,000 ft
    Dimensions (LxWxH): 	12' x 8' x 5'
    Motors: 2 rotary motors 24" circular x 40" duct length
    
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    COMPARE ULTRALIGHT SPRINT II:  http://www.quicksilverultralight.com/
    
    SPECIFICATIONS:
          Powerplant..............................Rotax 503
          No. Cylinders........................................2
          Displacement.............................496.7 cc
          Horsepower.....................................50 hp
          Recommended TBO.....................250 hrs
          Propeller....................................68" x 32"
          Length...................................18 ft - 1/2 in
          Height........................................9 ft - 1 in
          Wingspan................................32 ft - 7 in
          Wing area.................................180 sq ft
          Wing loading..........................4.0 lb/sq ft
          Power loading..........................14.4 lb/hp
          Seats..................................................2
          Minimum flight crew..............................1
          Empty Weight.............................325 lbs
          Useful load..................................395 lbs
          Payload w/full fuel........................359 lbs
          Max takeoff weight.......................720 lbs
          Fuel capacity.................................6 gals
    
       PERFORMANCE:
          Takeoff distance, ground roll...........102 ft
          Takeoff distance, 50 ft obstacle......352 ft
          Rate of climb..............................595 fpm
          Max level speed, sea level............55 mph
          Landing distance, 50 ft obstacle.....240 ft
          Landing distance, ground roll.............75 ft
          Glide Ratio.......................................4.5:1
          Minimum sink rate.........................630 fpm
    
       CRUISE PERFORMANCE CHART:
          At 55% power (rpm/mph).............5000/39
          At 65% power (rpm/mph).............5300/46
          At 75% power (rpm/mph).............5600/51
          At 100% power (rpm/mph)...........6500/55
    
       AIRSPEEDS:
          Vx (Best angle of climb)................36 mph
          Vy (Best rate of climb)..................39 mph
          Va (Design maneuvering)... ...........64 mph
          Vne (Never exceed)........................75 mph
          Vs1 (Stall, power off)......................27 mph
          Vs0 (Stall, flaps down, power off).........N/A
          Landing approach speed................39 mph          
    --------------------------------------------------------------
    COMPARE GENESIS XL - Specifications of C-IFQZ:  http://action-ultralights.com/
    
    Empty weight	680 lbs
    Gross weight	1200 lbs
    Overall height	6'11"
    Wing span		30'8"
    Engine power	80hp
    Stall speed	40 mph
    Cruise speed	100 mph
    VNE (never exceed)	120 mph
    Rate of climb	1050 fpm
    
    GENESIS POWERPLANT OPTIONS:
           1. ROTAX 582:   64hp     Typical Performance:  80 m.p.h. cruise speed.*
           2. ROTAX 618:   75hp     Typical Performance:   85 m.p.h. cruise speed.*
           3. ROTAX 912:   80hp     Typical Performance:   95 m.p.h. cruise speed.*
        *All Performance Data based on Gross, at Sea Level, Standard Day.
    
    Other Options Include:
       1. Instrument Package
       2. Adjustable Seats
       3. Fuel Monitoring System
       4. Prop Spinner
       5. Wheel Fairings
       6. Droop Wing tips
       7. Battery Boxes
       8. Fiberglass Center Console
       9. Cabin Heater
      10. Streamlined Strut Fairings
      11. Brakes - Mechanical or hydraulic
      12. Electric Trim
      13. Extended Lift (XL) Wing with Discrete Flaps
      14. Aft Fuselage Stinger (cosmetic)
      15. Nose Mounting Platform for Battery.
    
    Genesis Basic Airframe Options:
    Heavy Duty 1600 lbs Gross Weight Upgrade		$600
    Azusa Hydraulic Brakes			$395
    Matco Hydraulic Brakes			$675
    Electric Pitch & Lateral Trim with G5 Stick Grip
        and Integrated Push To Talk Button (1)		$699
    Streamlined Upper and Lower Strut Fairings		$289
    Droop Wingtips				$399
    Cabin Heater				$199
    Cabin Center Console				$93
    Special Battery Box and Nose Mounting Kit		$117
    Adjustable Seat Sliders (pair)			$126
    Wheel Fairings (set of 3)			$329
    Flaps					$523
    Auxiliary Fuel Tank (10 gallon) 			$180
    Prop Spinner			 	$129
    Aft Fuselage Stinger Fairing 			$56
    Floats and Accessories
    Amphibious Floats   (Requires Azusa Brakes) ** 	$6,900
    Straight Floats ** 				$4,900
    Ivo-Magnum In Flight Adjustable Propeller   (with nickel edging) 	$1,415
    Azusa 3-Wheel Hydraulic Brake System	 	$543
    ** Add for crating of floats. 			$500
    Finish and Instruments  (Partial List) (2)
    Randolph Finish in Base Color (3 choices 		$919
    Randolph Trim Color (10 choices) 	Call for Quote
    Electronic Fuel Gauge 			$299
    2 1/4 Dual Fuel Level Gauge 			$277
    Altimeter			 		$190
    Airspeed Indicator 				$121
    Vertical Speed Indicator 3 1/8 			$121
    Vertical Speed Indicator 2 1/4 			$198
    20 Degree Slip Indicator 			$40
    250 Degree 3 Tachometer 3 1/8 			$114
    250 Degree 3 Tachometer 2 1/4 			$100
    Hobbs Hour Meter 				$25
    Vertical Compass Card (lighted) 			$190
    Nav/Strobe/Position Light Kit 			$553
    Landing Light Kit 				$149
    Attitude Gyro and Venturi 			$499
    MicroAir 760 Panel Mount Radio 			$850
    Instrument Panel Lighting 		Call for Quote
    Electric Auxiliary Fuel Pump 			$37
    Raycor Fuel Filter/Water Separator 		$69
    
    Action Ultralights Unlimited, 3612 Braemar Drive, Cobble Hill, BC V0R 1L0 Canada
    Phone: 250-216-8001 877-644-8001 Fax: 250-743-1021  auu@action-ultralights.com
    
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    OPTION PARACHUTE:  http://brsparachutes.com/BRS+Products/
    Cirrus Airframe Parachute System, or CAPS. 
    The system is a standard feature on all Cirrus airplanes, and the parachute used is the only one certified for certain types of rescue.
    
    Cirrus is manufactured by St. Paul, Minn.-based Ballistic Recovery Systems.
    
    CAPS consists of a canister on the aft bulkhead of the plane that contains the 
    parachute, which is connected to the airframe via Kevlar harnesses. 
    In an emergency, a solid-fuel rocket pulls the pressure-packed parachute out of 
    its housing. The design guarantees full deployment of the chute and its 48-ft. 
    tethers in a few seconds.
    
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Resources:
    Hang gliders / Ultralights / Existing wings
    http://trikebuggy.com/   Chad 805-966-5900
    http://www.szcl07270.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/e12specs.html
    http://www.popularmechanics.com/blogs/technology_news/4268411.html
    http://www.remosuk.com/remos_spec6.php
    http://www.remos.com/en/remos-g3.php?item=tech-data
    http://www.iconaircraft.com/
    http://www.gizmag.com/icon-a5-fold-up-amphibious-sports-plane/9470/
    http://www.sky-tek.com/criquet.html#Specifications
    http://www.alisport.com/pdf/yuma_eng.pdf
    http://www.aeros.com.ua/structure/trike/aer2_en.php
    http://www.martinjetpack.com/technical-information.aspx
    http://www.twitt.org/baxter.html
    http://samsonmotorworks.com/gallery/
    http://www.flylight.co.uk/hanggliding/discus.htm     hang glider wing specs
    
    FAIRING::
    MOLD::
    http://www.instructables.com/id/%5BVideo%5D-Large-Scale-Mold-Making---Making-the-Negat/
    FIBERGLASS::
    http://www.instructables.com/id/SKJUZKWFBU37A2G/
    http://www.instructables.com/id/%5BVideo%5D-Mixing-Polyester-Resin/
    http://www.instructables.com/id/Vacuum-bagging-basics./
    CARBON FIBER::
    http://webbikeworld.com/t2/carbon-fiber-motorcycle-parts/
    
    NEW evc Volta G/T (concept $8k 100mph motorcycle 77% under construction)
    http://www.evc-llc.com/contact.html
    
    NEW 3 WHEELER:
    http://www.purevehicles.com/home  $14k EVA-USA 310-213-6501  Fullerton
    https://aptera.com/    $26k
    
    FLYING MOTORCYCLE::
    http://www.thebutterflyllc.com/
    http://www.aquaduckt.co.nz/aq-flight.htm
    http://www.rogierfransen.com.au/Portf_punkwing.html
    http://video.aol.com/video-detail/folding-wing-flying-car/701611158
    http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread310471/pg1
    http://iconaircraft.com/index.html
    
    ELECTRIC AIRPLANE:: BATTERY POWERED AIRPLANE::
    http://blog.wired.com/cars/2008/08/the-company-cla.html
    http://www.alternative-energy-news.info/10-best-solar-airplane-concepts/
    
    VentureOne::   CARVER::
    http://www.flytheroad.com/   Partners with Swift/Roush/Boshard/
    
    ELECTRIC MOTORCYCLE::
    http://www.hybridtechnologies.com/orders/wwwforms/ryder.html
    http://www.enertiabike.com/content/view/8/8/
    http://www.zeromotorcycles.com/zero-x.php
    http://www.x-tremescooters.com/electric_mopeds/xm-3500li/xm-3500li.html
    http://travelectro.com/X-Treme_XM-3500Li.html
    
    WHEELS::  HUB DESIGNS::